Linguistics

201 Arabic Verbs (201 Verbs Series) by Raymond P. Scheindlin

By Raymond P. Scheindlin

Most often used Arabic verbs are conjugated, one verb to a web page. A targeted overview of Arabic verb kinds for either starting and complicated scholars.

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Studentlitteratur 43 1 Introduction Trope Novel Transparent figurative extension Conventional With transferred meaning The use of the verb wipe in (44) below is presumably unconventional and new, at least to most speakers of standard English in the year 2001. At any rate, this is clearly an extended metaphorical application, as users of English will have to interpret it in relation to the literal sense of wipe in constructions like wipe the table/floor (with a cloth). Indeed, some normatively inclined users may even question the appropriateness—or even the acceptability—of many metaphorical extensions that they have not met with before.

Even within a largely synchronic, present-day English perspective, it is not always possible to say for certain whether a given language application with a secondary, polysemous reading is just transparently extended or a more independent transferred usage. No doubt indi- 60 Cf Saeed (1997:308–318); Lakoff (1987:292f,300,313,435,440–444). We should note, however, that in particular Langacker’s term schema(s) stands for generalised or typified cognitive representations at many different levels of abstraction.

Most of these semantic changes are either metaphorical or metonymic. As long as members of a given speech community recognise a polysemous connection between two different conventionalised under- 64 Langacker (2000:15–18) has observed that the meaning of a complex expression, e g a transparent compound like pencil sharpener, is only partially compositional, because it will involve specifying features that cannot be said to be directly inherited from either or any of its parts. See also e g Alm-Arvius (1998:20f,91f,97).

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