By W. T. Stace
The traditional Greek philosophers have performed a pivotal function within the shaping of the western philosophical culture. This publication surveys the seminal works and concepts of key figures within the old Greek philosophical culture from the Presocratics to the Neoplatonists. It highlights their major philosophical issues and the evolution of their concept from the 6th century BCE to the 6th century CE.
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Extra resources for A Critical History of Greek Philosophy
Something similar happens when consciousness is a triad of affection, cognition, and volition. Thus affection also influences volition, for example, as willpower: ". . how would one explain willpower? Willpower draws on the evaluation of a prospect, and that evaluation may not take place if attention is not properly driven to both the immediate trouble and the future payoff, to both the suffering now and the future gratification. ). Again, it takes all three to explain normal human functioning.
This does not mean that feeling is entirely subjective, disclosing not the world but only one's own embodied experience of it, taken as some abstract state. That would deny the whole meaning of the intentionality, of feelings and moods, and the very concept of affective intentionality would become self-contradictory. It does mean, as his expression lumen naturale shows, that affective intentionality, equal to and in some cases better than cognition at grounding action, is simply embodied in a way different from the other two intentionalities, a way that attunes us connaturally to our world differently from the way cognition does (Tallon 1979; 1993).
Papez's purpose was to explain how sensory information that passes through the thalamus en route to the cerebral cortex takes on emotional significance. He suggested three exit pathways from the thalamus: to the cortex, responsible for the 'stream of thought'; to the basal ganglia below the cortex, responsible for the 'stream of movement'; and to the hypothalamus, responsible for the 'stream of feeling'" (1994, 141). Page 15 4. Riso (1987, 24-35) speaks of the "relating," "feeling," and ''doing" triads.