By Nicholas Rescher
Nicholas Rescher provides the 1st complete chronology of philosophical anecdotes, spanning from antiquity to the present period. He introduces us to the foremost thinkers, texts, and ancient classes of Western philosophy, recounting a number of the tales philosophers have used over the years to interact with problems with philosophical trouble: questions of that means, fact, wisdom, price, motion, and ethics.
Rescher’s anecdotes contact on a variety of themes—from common sense to epistemology, ethics to metaphysics—and supply a lot perception into the breadth and intensity of philosophical inquiry. This ebook illustrates a number of the methods philosophers all through historical past have seen the problems of their box, and the way anecdotes can paintings to notify and inspire philosophical idea.
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Extra info for A Journey through Philosophy in 101 Anecdotes
London: Macmillan, 1930. Kahn, Charles H. The Art and Thought of Heraclitus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981. Kirk, G. , J. E. Raven and M. Schofield. The Pre-Socratic Philosophers. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983. Lederman, Leon, and C. T. Hill. Symmetry and the Beautiful Universe. Amherst: Prometheus Books, 2005. Pruss, Alexander R. The Principle of Sufficient Reason. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. 23 7 ZENO’S RACES ZENO (CA. 490–CA. 420 BC) was a leading member of what has become known as the Eleatic school of early Greek philosophy (named after the town of Elea, Zeno’s native place).
The Theaetetus theory is thus clearly flawed. Knowledge is more than believed truth, it is appropriately believed truth. To count as knowledge a belief must not only be true, its possessor must have an appropriate basis for believing so. 2 His counterexample is along the lines of the seaman who (correctly) believes that the distant island he is approaching is inhabited, but he believes so only because he mistakes some large shrubs for people. He believes truly and actually has grounds for his belief, but the two are spoilingly disconnected.
Lasswitz’s Library 200 77. Borel’s Monkeys 212 42. 46. FURTHER READING Barnes, Jonathan. Early Greek Philosophy. New York: Penguin, 1987. Dick, Steven J. Plurality of Worlds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982. Kirk, G. , J. E. Raven, and M. Schofield. The Pre-Socratic Philosophers. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983. 30 10 SOCRATES’S DISAPPOINTMENT Socrates (450–399 BC), Plato’s primary spokesman, tells the following story: IN PLATO’S DIALOGUE PHAEDO, I learned that a book by Anaxagoras said that mind is really the arranger and cause of all things.