Linguistics

A Linguistic Analysis of Akkadian by Erica Reiner

By Erica Reiner

The aim of this learn is to offer a considerable a part of the corpus of the Akkadian language within the kind of a grammar. This grammar has approximately the subdivisions favourite within the box of Assyriology, yet its association has profited from the grammatical versions and outlines advanced in present linguistic learn.

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Extra info for A Linguistic Analysis of Akkadian

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2. : \/kunuk:- > /kunuk/, \Alan: > /darn/). 2. 2). 1. Two consonants and length. If one of the consonants is /:/, the phonotactic pattern is modified as follows: Final C : + C # > C : V C # (dan:+t > dan:at); final C + : C # does not occur. Final : C + C # > : C V C # fta:b+t > ta:bat); final : + C C # does not occur. Intervocalic : C + C > CC (ta:b+tu = tabtu); intervocalic : + C C does not occur. Intervocalic C C + : > CVC: (i-pr+:-as = ipar:as); intervocalic C + C : does not occur. 4. 1. 2. Consonant and two lengths.

If the symbol /:/ follows a vowel, it indicates that the vowel is long; if it follows a consonant, it indicates that the consonant is long. 2ff. 3. e. long b, is symbolized /C:/. Of course, by definition, the two notations (/CC/ and /C:/) are interchangeable and in fact do so interchange in the Akkadian writing system. Note also the statement: "Die auf Grund des Schriftbildes als Konsonantenverdoppelung bezeichnete Erscheinung stellt in Wirklichkeit meist eine betonte Längung der Konsonanten d a r .

1. Evidence of the writing. Although the writing does not always indicate long consonants - older periods, such as the OA dialect, never do, OB only rarely - in certain words there is always a double writing of the consonants, with the syllabograms VC-CV. For example, always du-ubba, never du-ba. 2. Evidence of morphophonemic alternations. A cluster of /C:/ in final position or preceding another consonant behaves differently from a cluster of CjCj, for example \/dan: = /da:n/, \/dan:-t = /dan:at/, but ^/lazz = /laziz/, \/lazz-t = /lazizt-/.

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