By Mueni wa Muiu, Guy Martin
This booklet takes a multidisciplinary and long term historic point of view to review the evolution of African political structures and associations. It ranges from Antiquity (Egypt, Kush, and Axum) to the current, with a selected specialize in the destruction of those political platforms and associations via successive exogenous procedures, together with the Atlantic slave alternate, imperialism, colonialism, and neo-colonialism or globalization.
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Extra resources for A New Paradigm of the African State: Fundi wa Afrika
4 The first pharaoh (dynasty) ruled in 3000 BCE after Neolithic peasants had settled as agriculturalists. By the Fourth Dynasty, Egypt was a centralized monarchy. It relied on the Nile for agriculture and developed dyke construction to prevent floods. The population increased as a result of bountiful food production. All foreign trade, mining, and quarrying—as well as production and distribution—activities were controlled by the state. Private individuals could engage in commercial activities without any middlemen.
On some occasions, kings honored their sisters. For example, Anlamani’s inscription says that he dedicated each of his four sisters to one of the four temples of Amun to be sistrum players and to pray for him before this god. In religious matters, the queen was only second to the king. Queens could also act as co-regents when they assumed power after the death of their husbands. Sometimes queen mothers—rather than their sons or husbands—directly assumed political office. Once they proclaimed themselves sovereign, these queens adopted the title Son of Re, Lord of the Two Lands (sa Re, neb Tawy) or Son of Re and King (sa Re, neb Tawy).
57 In “Botswana: Comprehending the Exceptional State,” Abdi Ismail Samatar looks at the role of a homogeneous elite in limiting internal strife. 1057/9780230618312 - A New Paradigm of the African State, Mueni wa Muiu and Guy Martin 16 A New Paradigm of the African State Robert H. Jackson introduces the concept of quasi-states. According to his argument, the international system recognizes these states, but they fail to meet the demands of states. For example, the states’ lack of effective control over their territories, nor are they able to defend themselves against external attacks.