By Gerald Raunig
During this "concise philosophy of the machine," Gerald Raunig presents a old and significant backdrop to an idea proposed 40 years in the past through the French philosophers Félix Guattari and Gilles Deleuze: the computing device, no longer as a technical machine and gear, yet as a social composition and concatenation. This perception of the desktop as an association of technical, physically, highbrow, and social elements subverts the competition among guy and laptop, organism and mechanism, person and neighborhood. Drawing from an strange diversity of movies, literature, and performance--from the function of bicycles in Flann O'Brien's fiction to Vittorio de Sica's Neorealist movie The Bicycle Thieves, and from Karl Marx's "Fragment on Machines" to the deus ex machina of Greek drama--Raunig arrives at an greater perception of the computer as a social stream, discovering its so much apt and urban manifestation within the Euromayday circulation, which due to the fact 2001 has turn into a transnational activist and discursive perform concentrated upon the precarious nature of work and lives.
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Extra resources for A Thousand Machines: A Concise Philosophy of the Machine as Social Movement (Intervention Series)
By considering in some detail how consciousness could have evolved, we gain insights into otherwise baffling features of our minds. Part II also provides an analysis of the role of language in human consciousness, and the relation of the Multiple Drafts model to some more familiar conceptions of the mind, and to other theoretical work in the multidisciplinary field of cognitive science. All along the way we have to resist the alluring simplicities of the traditional view, until we can secure ourselves on the new foundation.
The sketch so far, however, does not even address the problem of our consciousness of dreams and hallucinations. " if we have eliminated a villain, we haven't even begun to give an account of the victim. We have made some progress, however. We have seen how attention to the "engineering" requirements of a mental phenomenon can raise new, and more readily answerable, questions, such as: What models of hallucination can avoid combinatorial explosion? How might the content of experience be elaborated by (relatively) stupid, uncomprehending processes?
What could be more obvious or certain to each of us than that he or she is a conscious subject of experience, an enjoyer of perceptions and sensations, a sufferer of pain, an entertainer of ideas, and a conscious deliberator? That seems undeniable, but what in the world can consciousness itself be? How can living physical bodies in the physical world produce such phenomena? That is the mystery. 26 PROBLEMS AND METHODS The mystery of consciousness has many ways of introducing itself, and it struck me anew with particular force one recent morning as I sat in a rocking chair reading a book.