By Gwyn Campbell
This crucial selection of essays examines the historical past and impression of the abolition of the slave alternate and slavery within the Indian Ocean global, a quarter stretching from Southern and jap Africa to the center East, India, Southeast Asia and the a ways East. Slavery reports have ordinarily targeting the Atlantic slave alternate and slavery within the Americas. compared, the Indian Ocean global slave exchange has been little explored, even though it began a few 3,500 years prior to the Atlantic slave alternate and persists to the current day. This quantity, which follows a set of essays The constitution of Slavery in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia (Frank Cass, 2004), examines a few of the abolitionist impulses, indigenous and eu, within the Indian Ocean international through the 19th and 20th centuries. It assesses their efficacy inside a context of a turning out to be call for for labour because of an increasing foreign financial system and ecu colonisation. The essays express that during using definitions of slavery derived from the yank version, eu brokers within the area did not realize or intentionally overlooked different kinds of slavery, and accordingly the abolitionist impulse was once in basic terms partially winning with the slave exchange nonetheless carrying on with at the present time in lots of components of the Indian Ocean international.
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Extra resources for Abolition and Its Aftermath in the Indian Ocean, Africa and Asia (Studies in Slave and Post-Slave Societies and Cultures)
12 While a number of slaves were transported by Asian and Dutch traders from the Coromandel coast in the late seventeenth century, Bengal was the main region of regular slave supply to the VOC in India. 1 Percentage of Cape slaves by place of origin for selected periods. Note Data from CA, MOOC 10/1–10/5 (auction records, 1697–1750); MOOC 8/1–8/6 (inventories, 1697–1750), MOOC 8/20 (inventories, 1790–3), SO, 6/80–6/110, Slave registers for Stellenbosch district. 14 The tantalising scraps of evidence found so far suggest that purchase of slaves, often children, at times of famine was one method of obtaining such slaves.
Slaves were distributed in relatively small numbers (twenty was the average and over fifty the exception) across grain farms, vineyards and pastoral holdings as well as providing the mainstay of Cape Town’s labouring class. Their numbers grew steadily, and for much of the VOC period they outnumbered free settlers, but in the eighteenth century the total at any one time never exceeded 25,000, rising to just under 37,000 at the time of general emancipation in 1834. A further distinction between the Cape and Atlantic slave societies, and a feature more characteristic of the Asian and Indian Ocean world, was that slave supplies came not from a regular slaving trade carried out by the VOC (with the exception of irregular voyages directly from Cape Town to Madagascar).
73 Clarence-Smith, ‘Islam and the Abolition of the Slave Trade’; Salman, ‘The Meaning of Slavery’. 74 Eno, ‘The Abolition of Slavery’. 75 Miers and Klein, ‘Introduction’, p. 6; see also Igor Kopytoff and Suzanne Miers, ‘African “Slavery” as an Institution of Marginality’ in idem (eds), Slavery in Africa: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1977), pp. 73–4. 76 Miers, ‘Slavery and the Slave Trade’; see also Kopytoff and Miers, ‘African “Slavery’”, p.