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Account of the Fables and Rites of the Incas (William and by Cristóbal de Molina

By Cristóbal de Molina

Only a number of many years after the Spanish conquest of Peru, the 3rd Bishop of Cuzco, Sebastián de Lartaún, referred to as for a record at the spiritual practices of the Incas. The file used to be ready via Cristóbal de Molina, a clergyman of the health facility for the Natives of Our girl of Succor in Cuzco and Preacher common of the town. Molina used to be a superb Quechua speaker, and his complex language talents allowed him to interview the older indigenous males of Cuzco who have been one of the final surviving eyewitnesses of the rituals performed on the peak of Inca rule. therefore, Molina's account preserves an important first-hand list of Inca non secular ideals and practices.

This quantity is the 1st English translation of Molina's Relación de las fábulas y ritos de los incas considering 1873 and contains the 1st authoritative scholarly statement and notes. The paintings opens with a number of Inca construction myths and outlines of the foremost gods and shrines (huacas). Molina then discusses crucial rituals that happened in Cuzco in the course of every month of the 12 months, in addition to rituals that weren't tied to the ceremonial calendar, similar to start rituals, woman initiation rites, and marriages. Molina additionally describes the Capacocha ritual, within which the entire shrines of the empire have been provided sacrifices, in addition to the Taqui Ongoy, a millennial circulation that unfold around the Andes in the course of the overdue 1560s according to turning out to be Spanish domination and speeded up violence opposed to the so-called idolatrous religions of the Andean peoples.

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Extra info for Account of the Fables and Rites of the Incas (William and Bettye Nowlin Series in Art, History, and Culture of the Western Hemisphere)

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Hence from then onward they retained the surname “Children of the Sun” to call themselves, and worshipped and revered the [Sun] as [their] father. They also have another fable in which they say that the Creator had two sons, one called Ymaymana Viracocha and the other Tocapo Viracocha. 3 The sun was believed by the Incas to have emerged from this outcrop on the Island of the Sun in Lake Titicaca. (Anonymous photograph, ca. ) Moon, and Stars from Tiahuanaco, each to their place, as was described; the Creator, who in the language of these Indians is called Pachayachachi and by another name Titiuiracochan,8 which means “incomprehensible god,” went by the road of the sierra inspecting and visiting all the nations to see how they had begun to multiply and to do what he had ordered them to do.

This huaca, together with those of the Sun and the Creator, had its own temple, estates, livestock, and servants for its sacrifices in all of the provinces. 12 So my aim here is to only discuss what is related to the rituals and ceremonies [of the Incas]. He also had in some nations many huacas and temples where the devil would give his answers, [such] as in the shrine of Huanacauri13 in the city of Cuzco. ” For this purpose they would kill birds, lambs, and rams. 7 They would give their answers depending on whether these resulted in evens or odds, telling those who asked them what they wanted to know.

This huaca was shaped [like] a person, although its face could not be seen. It also had a gold llayto [head band], gold earplugs, and a gold medallion, which they call canipo,6 and it had its clothes folded next to it. Those huacas were placed on a bench, and [while] the live rams went around them,7 the priests said: O Creator, Sun, and Thunder, be forever young and never age. [Let] all things be in peace, the people multiply, and food be [plentiful]. 8 They said these prayers to the Creator, and they asked the Sun to be forever young and to rise up, giving light and splendor.

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