By World Bank
With virtually part the world¡¯s inhabitants, Asia will ensure the way forward for the worldwide HIV/AIDS pandemic. there's a major threat of a large-scale HIV/AIDS epidemic within the sector. and plenty of nations have already all started the struggle: classes were realized in a variety of contexts, together with reviews from Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. Governments, civil society, and different companions are key gamers during this reaction. even if, with new tools of investment, problems with ability, and an evolving epidemic, responses needs to take note of 5 key demanding situations: political dedication and multisectoral help; public wellbeing and fitness surveillance and tracking and evaluate; prevention; care, aid, and remedy; and wellbeing and fitness companies supply.
Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific identifies suggestions for the way the area financial institution, in shut partnership with govt, civil society and different companions, can help within the reaction on the nation and nearby degrees. It stresses the necessity for nation particular concepts to handle the variety of concerns in the area and highlights the significance of analytic and advisory paintings during this region to help ongoing and deliberate courses in addition to potential development efforts.
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Additional info for Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific
Though fueled by the HIV/AIDS epidemic, tuberculosis does not conﬁne itself to HIV-positive individuals. When targeting tuberculosis, coordination of tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS services is important. Support is also necessary for families and dependents of people living with HIV/AIDS. As adults succumb to the disease, more children become orphans. Comprehensive systems of care need to be developed for these orphans, ensuring that they have people to take care of their emotional and financial needs, so that they can continue their educations and receive medical treatment.
They will also be designed in concert with national strategic HIV/AIDS plans created by governments and the World Bank Country Assistance Strategies. These HIV/AIDS strategy notes will provide speciﬁc work plans that incorporate some mix of the following tools: analytic and advisory work, lending, and regional activities. And they will be designed to be ﬂexible and innovative, focusing on the following ﬁve key challenges. Political Commitment and Multisectoral Support The experience from Thailand, Cambodia, and other countries that have been successful in tackling HIV/AIDS shows the need for strong leadership 42 • Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific and a coordinated multisectoral response.
Monitoring must ensure that care, support, and treatment improve life expectancy, reach the poor, and minimize drug resistance. It also requires improving routine health information systems to measure coverage of prevention and treatment programs, health outcomes, and financial costs. Prevention On the global level, fewer than one in ﬁve individuals at risk of HIV infection has access to basic prevention services. In Asia, with combinations of drug use, unprotected sex, and rising rates of sexually transmitted infections, UNAIDS estimates that only 10 percent or fewer of injecting drug users and other vulnerable populations are beneﬁting from prevention interventions (Global HIV Prevention Working Group 2003).