Altaistik: Turkologie by J. Benzing, A. Von Gabain, O. Pritsak, N. Poppe, K. H.

By J. Benzing, A. Von Gabain, O. Pritsak, N. Poppe, K. H. Menges, A. Temir, Z. V. Togan, F. Taeschner

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HYPOCORISTICS REVISITED 49 McCarthy, John. 1981. “A Prosodic Theory of Nonconcatenative Morphology”. 373–418. ----------. 1982. “Prosodic templates, morphemic templates and morphemic tiers”. In The structure of phonological representations, ed. Harry van der Hulst and Norval Smith, 1:191-223. Dordrecht: Foris. ----------. 1993. “Template form in prosodic morphology”. In Papers from the Third Annual Formal Linguistics Society of Midamerica Conference, ed. Laurel Smith Stvan, 187-218. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club.

This distinction plays an important role in D&Z’s root analysis. However, in the account proposed here they are taken as an indication of the important role of the base or surface form in HF. 4 and 4. Thus far, D&Z’s observations suggest that a descriptively adequate analysis must take into consideration the following empirical facts about HF: (a) the disyllabicity of the hypocoristic, (b) the exclusion of affixal consonants from the hypocoristic output, (c) the distinction between input and output roots, and (d) the invariability of the vocalic melody.

VV: Long vowels are prohibited in adjacent syllables. An affixed name like manaal from the root /nwl/ receives the same treatment under the word-based analysis. Satisfying the iambic foot pattern (CVCVVC), the name manaal is eligible to serve as the input to HF without further modification. VV eliminates candidates with adjacent long vowels, (*maanuul), INTEGRITY rules out the candidate with reduplicated segments (*manluul). The tableau in (25) shows further the effect of the MAX-AFFIX constraint, not shown in the previous tableau, which eliminates any candidate where the affixal vowels are not realized, such as *mannaal.

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