Ancient Civilizations

American Eras: Early American Civilizations and Exploration by Gretchen D. Starr-Lebeau

By Gretchen D. Starr-Lebeau

A part of a sequence supplying targeted info at the eras of pre-twentieth century the United States, this quantity comprises articles protecting headlines and headline makers, awards, achievements and different enlightening and wonderful proof on early American civilization.

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Archaeologists know they were present because they left behind the tell-tale flatbottomed pottery that was unique to their culture. The Shoshoneans probably pushed Athapaskan speakers such as the Kiowas and Apaches farther south to the Rio Grande valley. Other Algonquian groups such as the Blackfeet, Arapahos, and Cheyennes migrated from the AMERICAS: THE PEOPLE East onto the Plains in response to population pressures in their homelands and to the availability of resources on the Plains. C. D. D.

Sources: Robert H. : Smithsonian Institution, 1990). C. In the desert regions of the American Southwest the Paleo-Indians adapted their big-game hunting techniques to the pursuit of the smaller mammals native to the region. , the Cochise people began to adopt a more sedentary lifestyle. Still, the growing of domesticated crops did not restrict the Cochise to any one particular site, for they continued to follow a pattern of migration that was tied to changes in the seasons. , the Desert culture developed further into three distinct traditions: the Mogollon, Hohokam, and Anasazi.

On the island of Hispaniola, where Columbus established the first permanent Spanish colony, the native Arawak population plummeted from eight million in 1492 to two hundred in 1550. In Florida, Indian populations declined by 95 percent between 1565 and the mid 1600s. Among the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico, the story was no different; in four decades of contact with the Spanish, their numbers declined by one-half. " Consequences of French Colonization. Fears that Spain might replicate the success of its southern colonies in North America caused France to enter the Age of Discovery.

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