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An Archaeology of Colonial Identity: Power and Material by Gavin Lucas

By Gavin Lucas

This publication examines how colonial identities have been developed within the Cape Colony of South Africa seeing that its institution within the 17th century as much as the 20th century. it really is an explicitly archaeological strategy yet which additionally attracts extra largely on documentary fabric to envision how varied humans within the colony – from settler to slave – built identities via fabric tradition. The ebook explores 3 key teams: The Dutch East India corporation, the unfastened settlers and the slaves, via a few archaeological websites and contexts. With the archaeological proof, the publication examines how those diverse teams have been enmeshed inside racial, sexual, and sophistication ideologies within the broader context of capitalism and colonialism, and attracts widely on present social idea, specifically post-colonialism, feminism and Marxism. This ebook is aimed basically at archaeologists, yet also will allure historians and people drawn to cultural concept and fabric tradition stories. in particular, old archaeologists and scholars of historic archaeology would be the fundamental readership and dealers.

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An Archaeology of Colonial Identity: Power and Material Culture in the Dwars Valley, South Africa

This ebook examines how colonial identities have been developed within the Cape Colony of South Africa seeing that its institution within the seventeenth century as much as the twentieth century. it really is an explicitly archaeological method yet which additionally attracts extra extensively on documentary fabric to ascertain how diverse humans within the colony – from settler to slave – developed identities via fabric tradition.

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Additional info for An Archaeology of Colonial Identity: Power and Material Culture in the Dwars Valley, South Africa

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Although not explicitly racial, these categories had very clear racial assumptions and associations with the first two groups being largely white Europeans and the second, non-white, non-Europeans. There were however, some exceptions—a few Asians in the employ of the VOC and a few manumitted slaves or Asian immigrants who essentially became free burghers, though they were distinguished as 'free blacks'. While not denying that racism was ingrained in the Cape colony from the start, it was certainly not as rigid as it later became, though there are different viewpoints on how South African racism developed (see Elphick and Giliomee 1989).

It became an exclusive and expensive wine in northern Europe into the 18th century, its label kept through changes of ownership and was initially exported in casks. However, towards the mid 18th century, bottled Constantia wine started to be exported, and was marked with its own seal (Abrahams 1987:11-13). Examples of such bottles, made in the Netherlands, shipped to the Cape and then re-imported back to the Netherlands with contents, have been found on archaeological sites in Holland (Henkes 1994: 293).

While recognizing the need for the Cape colony to be producing supplies for its ships, the VOC was indecisive whether this should be developed through free burgher farmers or slaves; it was not until 1717 t h a t they decided to stop assisting all further emigration and promote the slave base (Elphick and Giliomee 1989: 533). But by this time, it was almost too late as the colony had expanded, both in terms of farm land which now stretched deep into the interior and population of burghers. 3. 1700.

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